The President's FY14 Budget Request: Detailed Earth and Space Science Impacts

25 April 2013
AGU Science Policy Alert 13-20

The President’s budget request for Fiscal Year 2014 (FY14)contains several themes that cut across all science agencies. These themes include creating jobs, educating students in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields, and growing the economy while continuing to cut the deficit in a balanced way. President Obama proposes a $3.8 trillion federal budget in FY14, with $144.1 billion in funding for research and development (R&D). The budget also calls for a repeal of sequestration and a return to the pre-sequestration discretionary budget caps.

Overall, non-defense R&D in the President’s budget is up approximately 9%, or $69.7 billion, over FY12; however inflation is anticipated to reach 4% for FY14. Below are overviews of selected scientific agencies’ FY14 budgets.  Links to budget overviews for each agency are also included. At the time the FY14 budget request was developed, none of the full-year appropriations bills for 2013 were enacted; therefore, the requested appropriations for FY14 are compared to FY12 enacted levels.

National Science Foundation (NSF)

  • Requests more than $7.6 billion for NSF, an increase of $593 million, or 8.4% over the FY12 enacted level.
  • Proposes $372 million for fundamental research that is directly relevant to future clean energy technologies such as polar power generation and energy efficiency.
  • Allows NSF to lead undergraduate and graduate education reform as part of a larger plan to strengthen STEM-education investments across the federal government.

Allows NSF to lead undergraduate and graduate education reform as part of a larger plan to strengthen science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education investments across the federal government.

NSF geoscience FY14 budget request breakdown, in millions of dollars:

Program FY12 Enacted FY14 President’s Request % Change from FY12 Enacted
Overall $7,105 $7,626 7.3%
Geosciences Directorate $1,321 $1,394 5.5%
Atmospheric Sciences $259 $267 3.1%
Earth Sciences $183 $191 4.2%
Ocean Sciences $352 $377 7.3%
Polar Programs $436 $465 6.6%
Integrative & Collaborative Education & Research $91 $94 2.6%

Department of Energy (DOE)

  • Requests $28.4 billion in discretionary funds, an 8% increase over the FY12 enacted level.
  • Provides more than $5 billion, a 5.7% increase over the FY12 enacted level, for the DOE Office of Science for basic research and research infrastructure.
  • $615 million to increase the use and decrease the costs of clean power from wind, solar, geothermal, and hydrokinetic energy.

DOE energy and science FY14 budget request breakdown, in millions of dollars:

Program FY12 Enacted FY14 President’s Request % Change from FY12 Enacted
Overall $26,320 $28,416 6.7%

Energy Programs $9,429 $11,101 17.7%

Science $4,934 $5,153 4.4%

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

  • Requests $5.5 billion, an 11% increase over the FY12 enacted level.
  • Reorganizes STEM-education programming by terminating six programs and transfering the funds ($14.7 million) to programs at the Department of Education, NSF, and the Smithsonian.
  • Assures critical weather observation continuity by reducing the life-cycle cost of the Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS) by over $1 billion.

NOAA line office FY14 budget request breakdown, in millions of dollars:

Program FY12 Enacted FY14 President’s Request % Change from FY12 Enacted
Overall $4,906.6 $5,447.7 11%

Oceans and Coasts $489.9 $529.2 8%

Fisheries $895.0 $923.3 3.8%

Research $382.8 $472.4 23.4%

Weather $996.0 $1,051.1 5.4%

Satellites $1,876.2 $2,186.0 16.5%

Program Support/Fleet $466.6 $503.5 7.9%

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

  • Provides $17.7 billion in discretionary funding, a decrease of $50 million or 0.3% below the FY12 enacted level.
  • Keeps development of the James Webb Space Telescope on track for a 2018 launch.
  • Cuts 19% from NASA Planetary Science.
  • Reallocates $47.5 million of STEM education programs from across NASA into larger programs at the Department of Education, NSF, and the Smithsonian.

NASA FY14 budget request breakdown, in millions of dollars:

Program FY12 Enacted FY14 President’s Request
Overall $17,770 $17,715 -0.3%

Science $5,074 $5,018 -1.1%

Earth Science $1,761 $1,846 4.9%

Planetary Science $1,501 $1,218 -18.9%

Astrophysics $648.4 $642.3 -0.9%

James Webb Space Telescope $518.6 $658.2 26.9%

Heliophysics $644.8 $653.7 1.4%

Education $136.1 $94.2 -31%

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

  • Requests $8.2 billion, a decrease of $296 million or 3.5% below FY12 enacted level.
  • Reduces funding for the Drinking Water and Clean Water State Revolving Funds by a combined $472 million.
  • Continues efforts to restore significant ecosystems, such as the Great Lakes, Chesapeake Bay, and Everglades, by helping to promote their ecological sustainability and resilience.

EPA FY14 budget request breakdown, in millions of dollars:

Program FY12 Enacted FY14 President’s Request % Change from FY12 Enacted
Overall $9,218 $8,153 -11.6%

Science & Technology $795 $784 -1.4%

Environmental Programs & Management $2,660 $2,813 5.7%

Oil Spill Response $19 $21 9.4%

United States Geological Survey (USGS)

  • Requests $1.2 billion, an increase of $98 million over FY12 enacted level.
  • Increases investment in R&D by $87.7 million; 65% of the USGS budget is classified as R&D activities.
  • Continues support for Landsat 8 and future missions by allocating $20 million in NASA’s budget to begin work to build and launch the next satellite.

USGS FY14 budget request breakdown, in millions of dollars:

Program FY12 Enacted FY14 President’s Request % Change from FY12 Enacted
Overall $1,070 $1,170 9.2%

Ecosystems $158.3 $180.8 14.2%

Climate & Land Use $141.4 $156.0 10.3%

Energy, Minerals, & Environmental Health $96.1 $107.4 11.8%

Natural Hazards $131.1 $142.6 8.7%

Water Resources $209.6 $222.9 6.3%

Core Science Systems $114.3 $137.2 20%

Administrative & Enterprise Information $116.8 $115.6 -1.1%

Facilities $100.4 $104.5 4.0%

How will the President’s FY14 budget request affect you and your science? Share with us your story. Testimonials and personal impact statements are valuable resources for AGU’s discussions with policy makers.

The President’s FY14 budget request will soon join the appropriations debates in Congress.  If you would like to take action and inform policy makers of the importance of investment in scientific research, development, and education, please contact your legislators.

Interested in learning more about the President’s budget request and its impact on Earth and space science?  Eos Senior Writer, Randy Showstack, provides detailed analyses in his articles on the White House FY14 budget proposal, the NASA FY14 budget request, and the NSF FY14 budget request.